1 Min Psychology

25件你要知的心理學研究

25件你要知的心理學研究:

1. 有野做會令到個人開心d同埋正面d。終日百無聊賴個人無寄托,對心理健康都唔係咁好。People are happier when they’re kept busy. It keeps them feeling positive.

2. 世界不同地方的人都能表現出及認出這6種情緒表情:快樂、憤怒、悲哀、驚慌、厭惡、和驚訝。Happiness, anger, sadness, fear, disgust, and surprise are the only six emotions that are universally expressed.

3. 朱古力令你身體釋放出談戀愛果陣釋放嘅化學物質。Chocolate discharges the same chemical in your body as when you feel love.

4. 人在攰時會比較誠實。咁等「佢」攰嘅時候盤問佢啦。People are more honest when they’re tired.

5. 只要擁抱對方20秒,你身體就會釋放出令你信任對方嘅化學物質。A 20 second hug releases chemicals in the body that help you trust the one you’re hugging.

6. 研究發現,唔見左個電話果陣,會令你驚恐得好似瀕死一樣。Studies suggest that losing your phone triggers the same panic as a near death experience.

7. 用另一種語言諗野可以令你更有邏輯。You’re more logical when you think in another language.

8. 從未有盲人有精神分裂症。No blind person has ever developed schizophrenia.

9. 在50年代的研究發現,中學生的焦慮指數同精神病人的差不多。High school kids have the same level of anxiety as the average psychiatric patient in the 1950’s.

10. 被拒絕時感到嘅心理痛苦,其實同身體感到的痛楚,在腦內是同一個部位。即是被拒絕嘅痛係真痛黎架。The brain feels rejection as pain.

11. 你大約有30%嘅時間係去左遊魂。Your mind wanders about 30% of the time.

12. 你以為記得最清楚嘅記憶大概都係錯嘅。Your most vivid memories are probably wrong.

13. 即使諗下要做嘅事嘅進展,都可以推動到你去做果件事。Even the illusion of progress motivates us.

14. 「沉迷上網」有機會被列入為精神問題的一種。Internet addiction may be added to the list of mental disorders.

15. 你係唔可以一心二用嘅。You can’t multi-task.

16. 你嘅潛意識比意識更快知道事情。Your unconscious mind knows first.

17. 你最多只能夠同150個人好friend。We’re only capable of being close with about 150 people.

18. 當你回想舊事,你其實唔係真係記得果件事,你只係記得你上次回想果件事嘅記憶。When you remember a past event, you’re remembering the last time you remembered it.

19. 把要記嘅野分開一組一組去記係會容易d記得。Small chunks of material are easier to remember.

20. 記憶係會隨著時間而扭曲,每個人都有起碼一件記憶係錯誤嘅。例如明明無發生過,講講下竟然「記得」件事。Memories get distorted over time, and every human has at least one piece of false memory.

21. 欺凌別人的人其實自己嘅自尊心好低。People with low self esteem are often bullies.

22. 有80%的對話其實是投訴。唔好以為自己無投訴,我地日常生活嘅對話好多時都包括投訴嘅話題,例如老闆正衰人,同事卸膊,個工人唔醒目,朋友借錢唔還,等咁耐都無車黎,隔離屋煮飯好大油煙等等等等。80% of conversations are complaining.

23. 有做義工嘅人對自己生活更滿足。People who volunteer are more satisfied with their lives.

24. 你個腦攰嘅時候會比較有創意。唔怪得老闆時時臨放工先比野黎做啦,原來想大家有多d創意啫。Your brain is more creative when it’s tired.

25. 一段好嘅關係比去做運動加能令你健康。係咪引申為:一段唔好嘅關係令你健康差?Relationships are more important for your health than exercise.

原文如下:
25 Psychology Facts Everyone Should Know
http://dailyvibes.org/25-psychology-facts/

1 Min Psychology

Implicit memory affects behaviour

French psychiatrist, Claparède, examined the relationship between implicit memory and behaviour by concealing a pin in his hand before shaking hands with an amnesic patient.  Later, the amnesiac refused to shake hands with Claparède anymore even the patient could not recall meeting him or being pricked previously.

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1 Min Psychology

Queer guys in the straight eyes

Homosexuality was removed from DSM in 1973 because it is not a mental illness but just one of the sexual orientations.
American Psychiatric Association clarified that homosexuality is no damage to one’s abilities of judgment, stability and reliability, besides no influence on the competence at school or work.
Furthermore, American Psychological Association emphasized psychologists should be the role model to accept people with different sexual orientations instead of offending them as psychotic.
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1 Min Psychology

Long Oral Tradition

How information presented or taught in the culture can affect people’s abilities of encoding and recalling the information.

For example, the “War of the Ghosts” story, which is frequently used in

memory test, was read aloud in English to college students at New York and Ghana, West Africa. Students in both colleges did not take notes and they were not informed about there would be a memory test.

After sixteen days, they were asked to write in English as much the themes and ideas which they could remember about the story. Ghanaian students remarkably outperformed in the memory test even English is not their first language. Due to the long Oral Tradition, Ghanaian students can encode information through hearing better than reading.

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1 Min Psychology

The primitive idea of Stockholm syndrome

 

Anna Freud was the first one to propose the theory of identification with aggressor.  Contemporary psychology refers her theory as Stockholm syndrome after a woman developed affection towards the bank robbers in Stockholm while she was taken as a hostage.

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